A Part and Apart identifies differences in “new” and “old” scholarship using ideas developed in the older works or using other fields to expound upon these studies which two of the four panelist discussed seemed to persist on one side or the other. Others mentioned the growth in the field in different ways as sch as propagation of some of the original ideas in the field surrounding the immigrants and ties to third “homelands” that Gjerde mentions. Lee goes onto discuss immigration, enthicity, and race shaped in Asian American such as “model minorities” or “probationary Americans” that roots of the beginning ties and later interactions whether in war or influx. Adam Goodman centers his ideas on migration to give a more complete view of history then a focus of immigration would allow. This is because migration of existing populations and other movements such as the forced migration of slavery do not fall into this immigration history.